Overview and benefits


Pay per trip car clubs allow individuals and organisations to have access to a car without being tied to ownership. Through years of ongoing research we have found that this cuts costs and mileage while boosting use of public transport and active travel.

Car clubs started with informal car clubs. 1999 saw the first formal commercial car clubs charging by the hour and by distance. The sector has grown considerably since and continues to grow, with member numbers at an all time high.

Car club vehicle parked up

Active car club members*

Total members

* Anyone who has joined, renewed their membership or used a car club in the last 12 months

Figures: March 2022
Map of Great Britain with icon showing three people over the top of it

Fleet size

in Scotland
in London
in the rest of England and Wales
Total fleet size


Image showing a number of car club statsImage showing a number of car club stats

Shared car models

Car club

Using keycard to unlock car club vehicle

Back to bay

This is the most common form of car club in the UK whereby cars must be returned to their unique designated parking place.

Back to area

As with back to bay, but the car must be returned to a small designed area, usually a street or two.

One-way / flex

In this newer but now also spreading model, the car can be taken on a one way trip and parked on-street wherever it is legal to do so (sometimes including pay and display bays).


Private car parked in street with colourful buildings

Peer-to-peer car sharing is where people offer privately-owned vehicles for rent to others via an online platform. The platform provides insurance.

This option can provide solutions in areas where a car club model would not be economically viable.

Benefits of car sharing

Car clubs provide socially inclusive, low emission mobility which helps to break dependency on private car ownership.

At the same time, they help policy makers to meet targets at local, regional and national levels, including emissions reduction, reduce congestion, improvements to air quality and encouraging individuals to increase their use of sustainable modes.

Annual car club research reports
Parked car club vehicle

Key findings

Modern technology

Car age icon
1.6 YRS
is the average age of car club cars

Reduce private car ownership

Cars off the road icon
private cars taken off the road by each car club car in the UK

Lower CO₂

Carbon emissions icon
less CO₂ emissions for the average car club car compared to the average UK car

Cheaper alternative

Cost saving icon
of respondents stated that they couldn't afford to own a car, and this was their reason for joining the car club

Low emission

Low emissions zone icon
of car club cars are Low Emission Zone and Clean Air Zone compliant

Air quality - NOₓ

NOx emissions icon
lower NOₓ emissions than the UK average car

Air quality - PM2.5

PM2 emissions icon
lower PM2.5 emissions than the UK average car

Carbon savings

Carbon savings icon - series of trees together
Car club carbon savings for the UK are equivalent to the lifetime CO₂e absorption of around 5500 trees

Annual car club research reports - 2021

The latest edition of the car club annual survey was completed by almost 11,000 car club members. The report below contains three sections: the members survey, emissions and fleet profiling and operators survey. From the survey we feel there is clear indication of how car clubs can help to: reduce private car ownership, enhance modal shift, encourage more environmentally friendly car use and improve car safety.

Summary reports

Historic car club reports


Full reports
Summary reports


Full reports
Summary reports
Key findings


Key findings


Full reports


Full reports


Existing schemes and operators

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